What is honey?
Honey is the natural sweet substance produced by honey bees from the nectar of plants or from secretions of living parts of plants or excretions of plant sucking insects on the living parts of plants, which the bees collect, transform by combining with specific substances of their own, deposit, dehydrate, store and leave in the honey comb to ripen and mature.
Composition of honey
The composition of honey depends on the floral source of the nectar for the honey production. In general honey contains: 15-20 percentage of water, 80 percentage of sugars (30-45% fructose, 24-40% glucose and 5-8% other sugars) and 3 percentage of other substances (honey acids, amino acids, proteins, enzymes (amylase, invertase, diastase and glucose oxidase), vitamins, minerals and hydroxyl methyl furfural (HMF). HMF is a decomposition product of fructose, which increases over time. It is used as an index of honey quality as it gets very high when the honey is heated or when it is stored under warm conditions for a longer period. So-called “fresh honey” even contains lactic acid bacteria.
How is Honey Made?
Worker bees extract the nectar by visiting the multiple flowers once the nectar is collected, the bee stores it in its extra stomach where it mixes with enzymes, and then passes it to another bee’s mouth, via regurgitation. This process is repeated until the nectar converts to glucose and fructose and then diffuse the substance into honeycombs, so that the worker bees fan the liquid nectar with their wings, to evaporate the water for making the honey less watery. When the honey production has finished, other bees are responsible for sealing the cells of honeycombs with wax, so that the product is protected. This wax protected honey is called comb honey. This honey color and flavor varies based on the nectar collected by the bee’s example honey made from Ajwain blossom nectar might be dark in color, whereas honey from litchi might have a light color.
Honey has antibacterial properties due to its high sugar content, its low pH, the hydrogen peroxide formation and probiotic effect of the lactic acid bacteria. The health properties vary between the different honeys depending on floral origin and the conditions during the production. Honey benefits based on the nectar collected by the bees example multiflora blossom nectar honey good for immunity boosting and Ajwain blossom nectar honey Cures indigestion and stomach pain
Health Benefits are:
- Honey for Immunity Boosting: Honey’s antioxidant and antibacterial properties help improve the digestive system and boost immunity. It is also a powerhouse of antioxidants, which are very effective for the removal of free radicals from the body.
- Natural Energy Booster
- Its regular use treats cough, cold and fever
- Stay fit, feel young and enhances athletic performance
- Improves Digestion
- Helps in reducing weight
- Detoxify your body
- Great for skin health
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